What are Nasal Polyps?

Many people struggle with sinusitis or congestion and are unable to find the cause. One of the lesser-known causes is nasal polyps. Nasal polyps affect a lot of people, and the factors that cause them vary from person to person. East Texas Sinus has been a specialized ENT in the Longview, TX area since 2013. Here are a few things we believe you should know about nasal polyp and some treatment options.

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What are nasal polyps?

Nasal Polyps are benign growths that occur in a patient’s sinus when there is long-lasting inflammation and swelling. Nasal polyps cause problems because they block nasal passages and make it difficult for mucus to drain effectively. This, combined with the extra inflammation are what can lead to chronic sinusitis and other problems.

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms of nasal polyps can be difficult to spot because they appear very similar to those of allergies or sinus infections. However, they typically linger much longer.

  • Runny nose
  • Postnasal drip
  • Sinus pressure
  • Snoring
  • Mouth breathing
  • Frequent sinus infections
  • Loss of sense of smell

How are they diagnosed?

Nasal polyps are usually relatively easy to spot if your ENT just checks in your nose. However, an endoscopy is sometimes required if the polyps are too deep in the nose. Some times other forms of advanced imaging are required to find the exact location of the polyp, especially if they need to be removed. Advanced imaging is also helpful in determining if the polyps are signs of serious conditions, such as cancer.

Treatment Options

The main goal when treating nasal polyps is treating the conditions that cause them. Be that, sinus infections or allergies.

Medication is a viable option for treating nasal polyps. Anti-inflammatories are effective in bringing down the size of the polyp in order to help ease congestion and pressure. Nasal sprays such as Flonase are also effective while they are being used, but symptoms will return quickly after the medication is stopped.

Steroids are another treatment option; however, due to some negative side effects they cannot be a long term solution.

Since severe sinus infections and allergies are causes of most nasal polyps, antihistamines and antibiotics are helpful in preventing these.

However, if the polyps are bad enough, surgery is also an option. The type of surgery depends on the size of the polyp. This can range from a polypectomy to balloon sinusplasty.

For more information on nasal polyps, or to speak with an ENT professional, contact us at East Texas Sinus and Dizziness Center in Longview, TX. East Texas Sinus is the region’s only nationally recognized Center of Excellence for the treatment of sinus disease. We are committed to helping improve your quality of life, being there every step of the way in finding the best solution for you.

Published by osky-blue-support on: April 9, 2020
Category: Nasal Surgery Sinus Care